The main aim of the RAMSES project is to deliver much needed quantified evidence of the impacts of climate change and the costs and benefits of a wide range of adaptation measures, focusing on cities. RAMSES will engage with stakeholders to ensure this information is policy relevant and ultimately enables the design and implementation of adaptation strategies in the EU and beyond. The project will focus on climate impacts and adaptation strategies pertinent to urban areas due to their high social and economic importance.
VITO’s role in RAMSES is to generate urban climate projections, which will then be employed to assess present and future vulnerability, in particular considering heat stress. Moreover, we will simulate the impact of urban adaptation measures on local climate. One of the main findings in RAMSES so far is that cities appear to experience 2-3 times more heat wave days than the nearby rural areas.
UrbClim average temperature for the IPCC reference period 1986 - 2005 for Skopje at 250 m resolution.